Tobacco industry and public health responses to state and local efforts to end tobacco sales from 1969-2020 (2020)

Authors: Patricia McDaniel and Ruth Malone Abstract Background: In June 2019, Beverly Hills, California, became the first American city in the 21st century to pass an ordinance ending the sale of most tobacco products, including cigarettes, and it is unlikely to be the last. Knowledge of previous efforts to ban tobacco sales in the US, both […]

Big Tobacco Using Trojan Horse Tactics to Exploit Indigenous Peoples (2020)

Authors: Andrew Waa and Raglan Maddox The tobacco industry has a long history of exploiting Indigenous peoples and their culture. During the 1980s, tobacco company WD & HO Wills ran racist advertising in Australia carrying the slogan ‘Get your own black’. In the late 1990s, Winfield advertisements depicted an Aboriginal man playing a didgeridoo with the […]

History Repeats Itself: Role of Characterizing Flavors on Nicotine Use and Abuse (2020)

Authors: Theresa Pattern and Mariella De Biasi Abstract The popularity of e-cigarettes has skyrocketed in recent years, and most vapers use flavored e-cigarette products. Consumption of flavored e-cigarettes exceeds that of combustible cigarettes and other tobacco products among adolescents, who are particularly vulnerable to becoming nicotine dependent. Flavorings have been used by the tobacco industry […]

Cigarette Packs With URLs Leading to Tobacco Company Websites: Content Analysis (2020)

Authors: Caitlin Weigner et al. Abstract Background: Tobacco companies include on the packaging of their products URLs directing consumers to websites that contain protobacco messages. Online media tend to be underregulated and provide the industry with an opportunity to present users with protobacco communication. Objective: The objective of our study was to document the content of websites […]

Countering Tobacco Industry Tactics on the Economic Costs of Restricting Menthol Tobacco (2020)

Authors: Kristen Ackert et al. Localities around the country have begun to restrict the sale of menthol tobacco products, which are easier to start, disproportionately used by young people and are more difficult to quit.1 In 2017, Minneapolis and Saint Paul City Councils overcame significant opposition by the tobacco industry to restrict the sale of menthol tobacco […]

The Illicit Cigarette Market in Six South African Townships (2020)

Authors: Kirsten van der Zee et al. Abstract Background: We estimate the size of the illicit cigarette market in low socioeconomic areas in South Africa before and after a tax increase. In 2018, the real excise tax increased by 3% and the value-added tax (VAT) rate increased from 14% to 15%. Thus, the real tax on […]

Analyzing Big Tobacco’s Global Youth Marketing Strategies and Factors Influencing Smoking Initiation by Nigeria Youths Using the Theory of Triadic Influence (2020)

Authors: Ukoabasi Isip and  John Calvert  Abstract Background: Major transnational tobacco companies (TTCs) have identified Nigeria, the seventh most populous country in the world, as a market with a significant revenue potential, given its high youth population and growing gross domestic product (GDP). This research analyses tobacco industry-related strategies and activities targeting youth (aged 15 to […]

PMI’s Heated Tobacco Products Marketing Claims of Reduced Risk and Reduced Exposure May Entice Youth to Try and Continue Using these Products (2020)

Authors: Karma McKelvey, Michael Baiocchi and Bonnie Halpern-Felsher Abstract Importance: Philip Morris International (PMI) is seeking Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) authorisation to market IQOS as a modified risk tobacco product and to make marketing claims of reduced risk and reduced exposure. Such claims may be misunderstood by youth, thereby increasing their risk for tobacco initiation. […]

Transferring Racial/Ethnic Marketing Strategies From Tobacco to Food Corporations: Philip Morris and Kraft General Foods (2020)

Authors: Kim Nguen, et al. Abstract Objectives: To investigate the transfer of marketing knowledge and infrastructure for targeting racial/ethnic minorities from the tobacco to the food and beverage industry in the United States. Methods: We analyzed internal industry documents between April 2018 and April 2019 from the University of California San Francisco Truth Tobacco Industry Documents […]

Tobacco Health Warnings: Evidence of Effectiveness (2020)

In March 2020, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) finalized a rule requiring 11 new cigarette health warnings. By June 18, 2021, these warnings, which include new text and color graphics, will be required to cover 50 percent of the front and rear panels of cigarette packs and at least 20 percent of the […]