Tobacco Health Warnings: Evidence of Effectiveness (2020)

In March 2020, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) finalized a rule requiring 11 new cigarette health warnings. By June 18, 2021, these warnings, which include new text and color graphics, will be required to cover 50 percent of the front and rear panels of cigarette packs and at least 20 percent of the […]

Tobacco Control in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: The Urgent Requirement for Action (2020)

Authors: Jawad Al-Lawati and Judith Mackay The World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) was developed in response to the globalization of the tobacco epidemic, and contains measures to reduce the demand for tobacco as well as reducing its production, distribution, availability and supply. Currently, 19 of the 22 Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) countries are […]

The Creation of Industry Front Groups: The Tobacco Industry and “Get Government Off Our Back” (2007)

Authors: Dorie Apollonio and Lisa Bero Abstract We investigated how industries use front groups to combat public health measures by analyzing tobacco industry documents, contemporaneous media reports, journal articles, and press releases regarding “Get Government Off Our Back,” a coalition created by the tobacco industry. RJ Reynolds created Get Government Off Our Back in 1994 to fight […]

The Tobacco Industry’s Use of Wall Street Analysts in Shaping Policy (2004)

Authors: Benjamin Alamar and Stanton Glantz Abstract Objective: To document how the tobacco industry has used Wall Street analysts to further its public policy objectives. Methods: Searching tobacco documents available on the internet, newspaper articles, and transcripts of public hearings. Results: The tobacco industry used nominally independent Wall Street analysts as third parties to support the tobacco industry’s legislative agenda […]

Health Preemption Behind Closed Doors: Trade Agreements and Fast-track Authority (2014)

Authors: Eric Crosbie, Mariaelena Gonzalez, and Stanton Glantz Abstract Noncommunicable diseases result from consuming unhealthy products, including tobacco, which are promoted by transnational corporations. The tobacco industry uses preemption to block or reverse tobacco control policies. Preemption removes authority from jurisdictions where tobacco companies’ influence is weak and transfers it to jurisdictions where they have an […]

Hiding in the Shadows: Philip Morris and the Use of Third Parties to Oppose Ingredient Disclosure Regulations (2015)

Authors: Clayton Velicer and Stanton Glantz Abstract Background: In 1996 Massachusetts proposed regulations that would require tobacco companies to disclose information about the ingredients in their products on a by-brand basis. This paper examines the strategies employed by Philip Morris to stop these regulations from being implemented. Methods and Finding: We used previously secret tobacco industry documents and […]

The Failure of the UK to Tax Adequately Tobacco Company Profits (2020)

Authors: J Robert Branston and Anna B Gilmore Abstract Background: A key driver of the global tobacco epidemic is the massive profit earned from manufacturing tobacco products despite high levels of product taxation. Two of the four major Transnational Tobacco companies are based in the UK, where there is growing evidence of corporate tax avoidance by […]

Philip Morris International-funded ‘Foundation for a Smoke-Free World’: Analysing its Claims of Independence (2019)

Authors: Yvette van der Eijk Y., Bero Lisa A., and Malone Ruth E.      Abstract The Foundation for a Smoke-Free World was launched in September 2017 with an announced 12-year funding commitment of $1 billion from Philip Morris International (PMI). The Foundation claims that its governing documents (certificate of incorporation, bylaws and a pledge agreement) […]

Impact of Implementation of the WHO FCTC on the Tobacco Industry’s Behaviour (2019)

Author: Stella Aguinaga Bialous The tobacco industry has a decades-long history of opposing any measure that attempts to regulate its product, its marketing, pricing or social acceptability.1 2 The entry into force of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) in 2005, and the approval, by FCTC parties, of the Guidelines for Implementation of Article […]