Japan Tobacco International: To ‘Be the Most Successful and Respected Tobacco Company in the World’ (2017)

Authors: Ross MacKenzie, Jappe Eckhardt and Ade Widyati Prastyani  Abstract Japan Tobacco International (JTI) is the international division of Japan Tobacco Incorporated, and the world’s third largest transnational tobacco company. Founded in 1999, JTI’s rapid growth has been the result of a global business strategy that potentially serves as a model for other Asian tobacco […]

The Tobacco Industry’s Thwarting of Marketing Restrictions and Health Warnings in Lebanon (2009)

Authors: Rima Nakkash and Kelly Lee Abstract Aims: This article outlines how the tobacco industry has undermined tobacco control efforts in Lebanon since the early 1970s. Methods: An analysis of online and on-site tobacco industry documents, reviews of newspapers, policy and other documents, and interviews with key policy makers were conducted. Results: Findings reveal how the weakness of tobacco control […]

Industry Responses to the Tobacco Excise Tax Increases in South Africa (2006)

Author: Corné van Walbeek Abstract The cigarette manufacturing market in South Africa is highly concentrated, with one company controlling more than 90 per cent of the market. In this paper the retail price of cigarettes is divided into three components: excise tax, sales tax and industry price. After decreasing during the 1970s and 1980s, the […]

“Working the System”—British American Tobacco’s Influence on the European Union Treaty and Its Implications for Policy: An Analysis of Internal Tobacco Industry Documents (2010)

Authors: Katherine Smith et al. Abstract Background: Impact assessment (IA) of all major European Union (EU) policies is now mandatory. The form of IA used has been criticised for favouring corporate interests by overemphasising economic impacts and failing to adequately assess health impacts. Our study sought to assess how, why, and in what ways corporations, […]

Tobacco Industry Strategies for Influencing European Community Tobacco Advertising Legislation (2002)

Authors: Mark Neuman, Asaf Bitton, and Stanton Glantz Summary Restrictions on tobacco company advertising and sponsorship are effective parts of tobacco control programmes worldwide. Through Council Directive 98/43/EC, the European Community (EC) sought to end all tobacco advertising and sponsorship in EC member states by 2006. Initially proposed in 1989, the directive was adopted in […]

Tobacco Lobby Political Influence on US State Legislatures in the 1990s (2001)

Authors: Micheal Givel and Stanton Glantz Abstract Background: Throughout the 1990s the tobacco lobby was a potent political force in US state legislatures advancing its pro-tobacco agenda. Objective: To describe the market and political motivations of the tobacco lobby and the strategies they use to achieve these goals in US state legislatures. Design: This study is a content analysis and summary […]

The Creation of Industry Front Groups: The Tobacco Industry and “Get Government Off Our Back” (2007)

Authors: Dorie Apollonio and Lisa Bero Abstract We investigated how industries use front groups to combat public health measures by analyzing tobacco industry documents, contemporaneous media reports, journal articles, and press releases regarding “Get Government Off Our Back,” a coalition created by the tobacco industry. RJ Reynolds created Get Government Off Our Back in 1994 to fight […]

Health Preemption Behind Closed Doors: Trade Agreements and Fast-track Authority (2014)

Authors: Eric Crosbie, Mariaelena Gonzalez, and Stanton Glantz Abstract Noncommunicable diseases result from consuming unhealthy products, including tobacco, which are promoted by transnational corporations. The tobacco industry uses preemption to block or reverse tobacco control policies. Preemption removes authority from jurisdictions where tobacco companies’ influence is weak and transfers it to jurisdictions where they have an […]

Hiding in the Shadows: Philip Morris and the Use of Third Parties to Oppose Ingredient Disclosure Regulations (2015)

Authors: Clayton Velicer and Stanton Glantz Abstract Background: In 1996 Massachusetts proposed regulations that would require tobacco companies to disclose information about the ingredients in their products on a by-brand basis. This paper examines the strategies employed by Philip Morris to stop these regulations from being implemented. Methods and Finding: We used previously secret tobacco industry documents and […]

The Failure of the UK to Tax Adequately Tobacco Company Profits (2020)

Authors: J Robert Branston and Anna B Gilmore Abstract Background: A key driver of the global tobacco epidemic is the massive profit earned from manufacturing tobacco products despite high levels of product taxation. Two of the four major Transnational Tobacco companies are based in the UK, where there is growing evidence of corporate tax avoidance by […]