42 COUNTRIES1 BAN SELLING OF E-CIGARETTES
The sale/distribution of e-cigarettes2 is banned in the following forty-two (42) countries:
Antigua and Barbuda*, Argentina, Australia, Bahrain, Barbados**, Bhutan, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Colombia, Costa Rica**, Egypt*, Ethiopia*, Gambia, India3, Iran, Japan, Jordan, N Korea, Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon, Mauritius, Mexico, Nepal, Nicaragua, Oman, Panama, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Syria, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uruguay, Vatican City, Venezuela*
56 COUNTRIES ALLOW SELLING OF E-CIGARETTES BUT PROVIDE SALES RESTRICTIONS/REGULATIONS
In fifty-six (56) countries that permit the sale of e-cigarettes, there are regulations around sale such as cross-border sale restrictions/regulations, restrictions in venues where they can be sold, access restrictions, or other restrictions:
Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, China, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Estonia, Fiji, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica4**, S. Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Maldives, Malta, Moldova, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Palau, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland5**, Tajikistan, Togo, Turkey6, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Vietnam.
30 COUNTRIES REGULATE NICOTINE (and/or OTHER) CONTENT/S OF E-CIGARETTES
Of the fifty-six (56) countries allowing the sale of e-cigarettes, at least thirty (30) are known toregulate the amount (concentration/volume) of nicotine in e-liquids — in the EU, the threshold concentration is 20mg/mL “AND” do not permit the use of ingredients (other than nicotine) that pose a risk to human health in heated or unheated form in nicotine-containing e-liquid (“OR” for Canada and Israel):
Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Moldova, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and United Kingdom.
There is no reliable information available in other countries and are hence, not listed here. E-cigarettes are found/ likely permitted in many African/ Latin American countries, although in many cases, there are no specific laws allowing/ disallowing the same.
- Global Tobacco Control website: https://www.globaltobaccocontrol.org/ecigarette/domain-classification
- Information provided by country contacts
* Included based on information from No Fire, No Smoke:
The Global State of Harm Reduction, 2018 (GSTHR)
**Conflicting information found
1 Refers to sovereign states. Territories such as Hong Kong, which is has pending legislation for banning e-cigarettes, is not included in this listing.
2 Five (5) countries specifically prohibit the sale of nicotine-containing e-cigarettes: Australia, Costa Rica**, Japan, Mexico, Sri Lanka.
3India issued an executive order prohibiting sale of e-cigarettes but legislation on the same is still pending.
4 Importation is not allowed without permit from the health ministry, use in public places is banned.
5 A ban on sale was overturned by the courts as of Apr 2018 No information regarding appeal.
6 Plans to ban e-cigarettes sales have been announced in Turkey.