Tobacco Health Warnings: Evidence of Effectiveness (2020)

In March 2020, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) finalized a rule requiring 11 new cigarette health warnings. By June 18, 2021, these warnings, which include new text and color graphics, will be required to cover 50 percent of the front and rear panels of cigarette packs and at least 20 percent of the […]

Representation and Misrepresentation of Scientific Evidence in Contemporary Tobacco Regulation: A Review of Tobacco Industry Submissions to the UK Government Consultation on Standardised Packaging (2014)

Authors: Selda Ulucanlar et al. Abstract Background: Standardised packaging (SP) of tobacco products is an innovative tobacco control measure opposed by transnational tobacco companies (TTCs) whose responses to the UK government’s public consultation on SP argued that evidence was inadequate to support implementing the measure. The government’s initial decision, announced 11 months after the consultation closed, […]

The Tobacco Industry’s Challenges to Standardised Packaging: A Comparative Analysis of Issue Framing in Public Relations Campaigns in Four Countries (2018)

Authors: Ross MacKenzie et al. Abstract Tobacco industry public relations campaigns have played a key role in challenges to standardised cigarette packaging. This paper presents a comparative analysis of industry campaigns in Australia and the United Kingdom, which have implemented standardised packaging legislation; Canada, where policy has been adopted but not yet implemented; and the Netherlands, […]

Containing Diffusion: The Tobacco Industry’s Multipronged Trade Strategy to Block Tobacco Standardised Packaging (2019)

Authors: Eric Crosbie, Robert Eckford, and Stella Bialous Objective: To analyse the tobacco industry’s strategy of using trade and investment agreements to prevent the global diffusion of standardised packaging (SP) of tobacco products. Methods: Review of tobacco industry documents, relevant government documents and media items. The data were triangulated and thematically analysed. Results: Internal tobacco industry documents […]

“Avoid Health Warnings on all Tobacco Products for Just as Long as We Can”: A History of Australian Tobacco Industry Efforts to Avoid, Delay and Dilute Health Warnings on Cigarettes (2003)

Authors: Simon Chapman and Stacy Carter Abstract Objective: To review critically the history of Australian tobacco industry efforts to avoid, delay, and dilute pack warnings on cigarettes. Design: Systematic keyword and opportunistic website searches of tobacco industry internal documents made available through the Master Settlement Agreement. Results: Four industry strategies and six recurrent arguments used by the […]

Illicit trade, Tobacco Industry-funded Studies and Policy Influence in the EU and UK (2014)

Authors: Gary Jonas Fooks, Silvy Peeters and Karen Evans-Reeves In the course of the last decade, the tobacco industry has attempted to increase the political salience of the illicit trade in tobacco products (illicit trade) (box 1).Tobacco companies have claimed that sharp rises in tobacco taxation and innovative regulation, such as standardised packaging and product display […]

Content Analysis of Tobacco Industry Data on the Illicit Tobacco Trade in UK Newspapers During the Standardised Packaging Debate (2016)

Authors: Karen Evans-Reeves et al. Abstract Background: Standardised tobacco packaging, which commenced in the UK in May, 2016, has been vehemently opposed by transnational tobacco companies. Previous research has concluded that companies invoke the existence of an illicit trade in tobacco to oppose tobacco control policies and exaggerate its true scale. The argument they make […]

Tobacco Industry Argues Domestic Trademark Laws and International Treaties Preclude Cigarette Health Warning Labels, Despite Consistent Legal Advice that the Argument is Invalid (2014)

Authors: Eric Crosbie and Stanton A Glantz Abstract Objectives: To analyse the tobacco industry’s use of international trade agreements to oppose policies to strengthen health warning labels (HWLs). Design: A review of tobacco industry documents, tobacco control legislation and international treaties. Results: During the early 1990s, the tobacco industry became increasingly alarmed about the advancement […]